10 Ancient Tourist Sites Across Africa

It was a Portuguese fort built on the island of Mombasa to protect the inhabitants of the east coast of Africa. Between 1696 and 1698 it was attacked by Omani Arabs, and between 1837 and 1895 it was used as a military barracks and prison by the British.

João Batista Cairato, an Italian architect and engineer, designed it. It was turned into a museum in 1962 and is open daily from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Luxor is home to magnificent temples and tombs. It also contains the Valley of the Kings, which has housed numerous rock tombs that once housed the mummies of the pharaohs and their historical treasures. You can also enjoy beautiful views of the Nile.

The colorful island of Gorée is a short distance from Dakar and has a painful past. The French housed Africans there before sending them overseas as slaves for 300 years.

Lalibela is a complex of winding tunnels, beautiful courtyards and rock chapels erected between the 7th and 13th centuries. The churches are still in use today.

It comprises eleven historic churches and is located in north-central Ethiopia. It was formed by hand from hills of volcanic rock and offers a breathtaking sight.

Elmina Castle was built by the Portuguese in 1482 and is located on the so-called “Gold Coast”. It is the oldest European structure in sub-Saharan Africa and an important historical place where Africans were imprisoned before slavery.

The Great Mosque of Djenné was built with mud bricks, plastered and glued to its exterior walls, making its design unique and beautiful. It is one of the most visited attractions in Africa. During an annual festival, the community joins together to plaster the mosque and keep it in good condition.

7. Robben Island in South Africa

In the 17th century, this island was used as a prison and now serves as a leper colony for quarantine purposes. It was a short distance just off the coast of Cape Town, the prison on that island was where Nelson Mandela served 18 years of his 27-year sentence.

Because three of the four buildings are owned by the ruling government, it is known to primarily house political detainees. After the end of apartheid, this prison island was transformed into a museum, where visitors can observe Nelson Mandela’s former cell.

The Great Zimbabwe Ruins are located in the hills of southern Zimbabwe and are the largest in sub-Saharan Africa. The ruined city, the massive towers and the exceptional construction.

The craftsmanship of these remains is remarkable, with some walls measuring 36 feet high and 20 feet thick. It was once home to around 20,000 people, according to legend.

9. Kigali, Rwanda Genocide Museum

This historical site has a complicated background as it honors the memory of almost 250,000 Tutsis and Hutus who died in the 1994 Tutsi-Hutu mass conflict which lasted for 100 horrific days.

The history of Rwanda, as well as the horrible genocide and the horrors that happened, are explained in this memorial. Photos of genocide victims are displayed on the interior walls. It was opened in 2004 to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the genocide and serves as a historical record of the atrocity.

10. Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania

It is also known as the Cradle of Humankind, a true archaeological marvel. Louis and Mary Leakey, paleoanthropologists, made it famous. The gorge contains the remains of 60 human predecessors.

It holds the longest known archaeological record of the development of stone tools and provides a known history of human evolution of over 2 million years.

So on your next historic trip, consider visiting one of these magnificent sites, snapping photos and telling fascinating stories.